By Ipankonin (Modified from and) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
1100 Henry I
1154 Henry II
1189 Richard I
1216 Henry III
1272 Edward I
1307 Edward II
1107 William Warelwast
1138 Robert of Chichester*
1155 Robert Warelwast
1161 Bartholomaeus Iscanus
1186 John the Chaunter
1194 Henry Marshall
1214 Simon de Apulia
1224 William Bruere
1245 Richard Blondy
1258 Walter Bronescombe
1280 Peter Quivil
1291 Thomas de Bytton
1308 (to 1326) Walter de Stapledon
http://www.exetermemories.co.uk/em/bishops.php - Accessed 23-12-2015
*Some websites have Robert Warelwast before Robert of Chichester. Nicholas Orme also has Robert Warelwast's dates as 1138-55. The Church in Devon 400-1560, Nicholas Orme, Exeter, 2013, p32
There appears to have been a market at Ashburton by at least the late 1100s. In the Cartulary of Buckfast Abbey there is a grant from Roger de Nunant for the safety of his soul and that of his wife Alice. The wording is: 'Libertate, tamen, retenta eundi et redeundi michi et hominibus meis per uiam de Norbroc ad niewfort, ad forum de Aspernetune - To myself and my men, however, I retain free right of way from the North Brook road to the New Ford, on our way to Ashburton market' .*
Presidential Address by J S Amery, Report and Transactions of the Devonshire Assocation, vol 56, Plymouth 1925, p48
*Translation is from History of St Mary's Abbey of Buckfast (in the County of Devon), 760-1906, Dom Adam Hamilton, 1906, p40
Samantha Letters says that the reference is to a charter of Henry de
Nunant, and to an earlier one of his father Roger. She dates it to
before 1176-77, when Roger de Nunant died.
More on the Buckfast Cartulary.
'There is a manuscript on parchment lying before me as I write...It bears no date and the seal has been cut off, but its authenticity is beyond a doubt. A thirteenth century copy of it exists in the portion of our chartulary in the archives of Exeter Cathedral, which was discovered a few years ago and published by Prebendary Hingeston-Randolph at the end of Bishop Grandisson's Register. It is the oldest known original charter belonging to St Mary's Abbey at Buckfast.'
History of St Mary's Abbey of Buckfast (in the County of Devon), 760-1906, Dom Adam Hamilton, 1906, p37
A document concerning St Andrew's Church dates back to the late 1100s, when John Le Chaunter, Bishop of Exeter (1186 - 91) gave it to the Dean and Chapter of Exeter Cathedral. 'The manor and church were then the personal property of the Bishop'.
Saint Andrew's Church Ashburton, A Guide and Short History, printed and publ by St Andrew's Church, 5th ed 2005/06
The document, probably in Exeter Cathedral reference D&C 610, is described as ‘Grant of Church to Chapter’ c.1186-91.
Thanks to Ellie Jones, archivist Exeter Cathedral, for this
Within the charter is a reference to the previous bishop, Bartholomew, who allowed a pension from the area's revenue to St Katherine's Priory in Exeter:
'Except an annual pension to the Nuns of Polslowe, which my predecessor of famous memory, Bartholomew Bishop of Exeter, gave and confirmed to them.'*
*'Salva monialibus de Polslowe annua pensione quam predecessor meus bone memorie B. episcopus eis donavit et confirmavit.'
English Episcopal Acta XII, Exeter 1186-1257, Ed. Frank Barlow, Oxford, 1996, p137
For more on the church, see St Andrew's Church, under Churches and Memorials
For more on St Katherine's Priory, see http://www.exetermemories.co.uk/em/_buildings/polsloepriory.php - Accessed 6-3-2016
'Who have been autiently Lords of it [Ashburton] I can't determine, except I should judge it to have belong'd to the See of Exeter from these records: Anno 10 Ed 1, Peter Quivil, Bishop of Exeter, claim'd view of frank-pledge, and a gallows, with assize of bread and beer, at Ashperton. And in the next reign, Walter Stapledon, Bishop of that See, by charter ... obtained to himself and successors, Bishops of Exeter, a grant of a Saturday market, and a fair on the eve, day and morrow of St Laurence, viz August 9th, 10th, and 11th, at his manor at Ashperton, which fair and market are yet in being.'
Placita de quo war-to, A. 9 incip, 10. Ed 1
Rott cart. anno 3 E 2, w. 7. n. 21
Notitia Parliamentaria, or an history of the counties, cities and boroughs in England and Wales, Browne Willis Esq., vol II, London, 1716 p355ff
*Frankpledge - a system whereby a group of people were held jointly responsible for members of the group abiding by the law.
http://www.duhaime.org/LegalDictionary/F/Frankpledge.aspx - Accessed 22-12-2015
In this document* elaborate regulations for the management of the Stannaries were laid down...'
R N Worth, The Ancient Stannary of Ashburton, Tranactions of the Devonshire Association, 1876 vol 8, p312
*Worth says that a translation is given in the Appendix to De la Beche's Report on Cornwall and Devon
1298 Two burgesses were returned for Ashburton at the Parliament at York, Whitsuntide, 25 May, 26 Ed 1, page 67, no.10The Parliamentary Writs and Writs of Military Summons, collected and edited by Francis Palgrave, vol 1, 1827
See Election Fever under Gathering Together for more details.
26 Ed I means the 26th year of the reign of Edward I.