Holne Park Ashburton
'20, 11-17 A group of manors in Stanborough Hundred. In the Tax Return for Diptford (Stanborough) Hundred William of Falaise is alloted 3 hides 1 virgate of lordship land...
20, 11 Holne. A parish in the Stanborough Hundred. Northamme ('North' Holne) is held by Nicholas son of Martin of the Honour of Dartington in Fees...
...'South' Holne was part of Harberton, then held by Buckfast Abbey (1, 34 note)'
Caroline and Frank Thron (editors), Domesday Book Devon, Part 2, Philimore, 1985, 20
Robin J Burls, Phd. thesis, Society, Economy and Lordship in Devon in the Age of the First Two Courtenay Earls, c1297-1377, p36
Cokayne's Complete Peerage, 2nd Edition, (Martin) Vol VIII, pp 530-532, quoted on http://cybergata.com/roots/3658.htm
...The manor of Holne and Holne Chace were formerly part of the barony of Barnstaple, and passed (with Tawstock) successively to the Audleys and Bourchiers (Lords Fitzwarren and Earls of Bath) from whom they descended to the present possessor.
...It appears from an inquisition that the manor was possessed by Henry Earl of Bath in the year 1644.'
Letter to The Gentleman's Magazine, vol 98, July - December 1828, p115
The English Baronetage, Arthur Collins, Vol II, London, 1741, p86
The Teignmouth, Dawlish and Torquay Guide, N T Carrington and others, 1829, p151
Some residents of Holne Park. Many seem to have taken short term tenancies, and the Wrey family are mentioned until at least 1884. A newspaper article (below) says that the Hon R Dawson purchased the property in 1886 from Sir Bourchier Palk Wrey.
In April 1885 a gardener named I. Russell is seeking work - cause of leaving 'death', and in May a coachman, 'J', is leaving for the same reason.
Exeter and Plymouth Gazette 17 April 1885 p4 col1
Exeter and Plymouth Gazette 1 May 1885 p4 col1
Clergymen married. The Rev Henry Bourchier Wrey of Holne Park, Devon, to Ellen Maria, only daughter of N R Toke Esq. of Godington, Kent.
The British Critic, Quarterly Theological Review and Ecclesiastical Record, 1828, C & J Rivington and J Mawman, p247. The marriage was in 1827
1834 The Rev Henry Bourchier Wrey. (Also there in 1839, 1848, 1850, 1855, 1859) He died in the Barnstaple registration district in the December Quarter of 1882, aged 85 http://www.freebmd.org.uk/cgi/search.pl
Western Times 29 Nov 1834 p3 col1
1837 Capt. Jekyll
Exeter and Plymouth Gazette 1July 1837 p2 col5
1840 The Hon Mrs Lawrence Shawe
Western Times 3 October 1840 p3 col1
1843 'The lady of' N B F Shawe
Exeter and Plymouth Gazette14 January 1843 p3 col2
1846 J Y Buller
Western Times 18 July 1846 p6 col4
1847 W Fortesque 'for a term'
Western Times 2 January 1847 p5 col4
1848 Albany Bourchier Savile (married the eldest daughter of Sir Lawrence Vaughan Palk, who had been MP for Ashburton 1818 - 1831 )
North Devon Journal 18 May 1848 p2 col6
1850 Rev H Wrey and family 'sojourning'
Western Times 14 December 1850 p5 col4
1852-53 'Nobility, gentry and clergy': Sir Bourchier Wrey, Bart
Slater's Directory of Berks, Cornwall, Devon ..., 1852-53 p5
1852 Col Pettle (spelled Pattel in the same paper 8 January 1853 p7 col4)
Western Times 8 May 1852 p7 col3
1855 H Wrey at 'his seat' Holne Park
Western Times 7 July 1855 p7 col1
1861 Henry Bourchier Toke Wrey shown as Head of house in census (which has Holne Park under the Holne enumeration district) RG9/1419, enum. dist. 7, fol. 102, pp. 7-8, sched. 35
1871 J A Froude, 'the historian'
Western Times 16 June 1871 p7 col2
1878 Frederick Stevenson
Western Times 25 March 1878 p2 col4
1880 Rev F Garrett (spelled Garratt elsewhere)
Western Times 14 September 1880 p6 col3
1881 Fredrick Stevenson, (Gentleman) and his wife, Catherine
Holne Census 1881 - RG11/2177/97/103
1886 The Hon R Dawson
Exeter and Plymouth Gazette 15 October 1886 p2 col2
1891 Richard M H Dawson and family
Holne Census 1891 - RG12/1712/fiche #0142
And some of those who worked there:In 1851 Mary Sprague was a governess at Holne Park. There were also the following indoor servants:
Ambrose Simmons, Footman
Eleanor Pearse, Cook
Mary Banfield, Housemaid
Susanna Dolling, Kitchen maid
There were two outdoor labourers:
Holne Census 1851 - HO107/1874/362
Many thanks to Brian Bassett for letting me use his transcription of the Holne Census. For more of Brian's transcriptions, see the Holne section of the Genuki Devon pages http://genuki.cs.ncl.ac.uk/DEV/Holne/********
In 1861 the priorities of the Wrey family, who have 6 children ranging in age from 3 months to 6 years, have changed. They now employ:
Elizabeth Cockram, Nurse
Elizabeth Taylor, Parlour maid
Eliza Taylor, Nurse maid
John Southcombe, House servant
Anna Stanbury, Under nurse
Andrew Tolcher, Groom
Holne Census 1861 - RG9/1419/96/99
By 1891 the Dawson family have the full complement of servants again:
Mary Grey, Lady's maid/domestic servant
Mary J Coombes, Nurse
Richard T Merrafield, Hall boy
Harriett Whitehead, Housemaid
Emily E Bath, Housemaid
Susan Blake, Nursery maid
Harriet Drame, Cook
Diana Perks, Kitchen maid
Elizabeth Gill, Scullery maid
George N Blake, Footman
Holne Census 1891 - RG12/1712/fiche #0142
Many thanks to Brian
Bassett for letting me use his transcription of the Holne Census. For
more of Brian's transcriptions, see the Holne section of the Genuki
Devon pages http://genuki.cs.ncl.ac.uk/DEV/Holne/
John Stanbury* kept a book in 1866 of the days that people had worked
*John Stanbury, of Holne Park Cottage, is available to show a farm to prospective purchasers, and is named as the woodman of Holne Park in 1878.
Exeter and Plymouth Gazette, 5 May 1865 p1 col6
Exeter and Plymouth Gazette, 16 November 1878 p3 col5
Names from the book:
John Rawland - elsewhere looks more like Rewlan
Thos Noshe ?
Bishop or Bishep
Stenpem or Stenkem
* The 1871 census for Holne shows John Stanbury and his wife, Emma, living at Holne Park
Holne Census 1871 - RG10/2096/97/100
Right: Holne Park farm accounts Michaelmas 1855 to Michaelmas 1856
Cattle sold £98 19s
Sheep sold and lambs £42 1s 3½d
Pigs sold £34 4s 2½d
Horse £12 14s
Cash for wheat £213 4s 3d
Sold poultry £3 13s 6d
Rents of cottages and horse labor £5 12s 6d
Dairy account £35 12s 6½d
Wool £29 2s 6d
Left: Holne Park farm accounts Michaelmas 1855 to Michaelmas 1856
Cattle purchased £21 11s 6d
Sheep purchased £27 2s
Horse purchased of Mr Wrey £18 18s
Hay £17 14s
Reed £2 8s 6d
Bought oats 19s
Paid for poultry £1 15s
Seeds £17 8s 6d
Manure £77 11s 7d
Tradesmen's bills including barley for pigs £47 15s 10½d
Tithes £2 6s 7½d
Rates and taxes £5 2s ½d
Carriage of manure and miscellaneous charges £7 7s1½d
Wages including Bowden's £159 18s 6d
On account of rent £21
In 1855 mine machinery and materials from the South Plain Wood Mine were sold by Mr Creagh. Included in the sale was two buddles, hand screw, horse whim, cobbing irons etc.
Mining began in 1850, and it was reported two years later that 'powerful machinery' was installed there, operated by water from the Dart. In June 1854 several tons of copper had allegedly been sold from the mine.
Document which I have seen but was not able to purchase. Sold by auction 2013
Exeter and Plymouth Gazette 2 February 1850 p5 col4
Western Times 8 May 1852 p7 col3
Western Times 24 June 1854 p7 col3
In 1859 some coppice from the Holne Park Estate was sold. Here are some of the (hand written) conditions:
Auction held this 16th day of April 1859 at the New Bottle Ashburton by Mr Henry Couch Creagh on behalf of the Rev Henry Bourchier Wrey for selling a quantity of oak coppice now standing and growing in South Plain and North Park Woods in the parish of Holne in 4 lots marked 3 and 4 in North Park and 1 and 2 in South Park Wood to be sold by the statute acre......
3. That no person shall retract his or her bidding.
7. Whatever damage may be done in felling or removing any wood or bark must be paid for or repaid and made good by the respective purchasers.
10. No horses or other beasts shall be suffered by the respective purchasers to go at large or unmuzzled in the wood and no dogs shall be allowed to accompany the purchasers or their workmen there and any purchaser who by himself or by his workmen shall offend against this clause shall pay 10s in respect of every day upon which the offence shall occur and the seller shall be at liberty either to sue for the recovery thereof as liquidated damages or in like manner as provided by the last foregoing condition to seize and dispose of the wood and bark and horses and carts of the purchasers offending to sell the same for the recovery thereof....
17. The purchasers shall pay to the auctioneer the sum of five shillings on each lot.
Right: Agreements for 4 purchasers after the sale. They are - John Maddick (signs with a cross); John Hent (?); E Butland and Jacob Endecott (Endacott ?)
All are witnessed by Geo Caunter.
John Maddick paid £12 2s 6d per acre for coppice in North Park Wood; John Hent paid £13 5s.
E Butland paid £17 2s 6d per acre in South Plain Wood, as did Jacob Endecott.
Left: Sale particulars for Holne Park, Ashburton, in February 1871. It is evidently a work in progress, as there is an insertion and some crossing out. It reads as follows:
View of Holne Park, South Devon
Beautifully situated on the banks of the Dart in its own ornamental grounds, 2 miles from the Market Town of Ashburton. Railway Stations are Newton Abbot or Totnes. The house, comfortably furnished (last two words crossed out), to be let from Michaelmas next for three (last four words crossed out) Lady Day next for five years, rent £100 per annum, contains 3 sitting rooms, 6 bed rooms, 3 dressing rooms, & 3 servants rooms - very good kitchen and offices, cellars, etc. Detached stabling with coach house, and saddle room, 2 loose boxes and 4 stalls. Walled kitchen garden in capital order, flower garden & croquet ground. Spring water in abundance. Dairy farm adjoining the premises - right of fishing and (last two words crossed out) shooting over 400 acres, (then inserted) and fishing in the Dart, with good woodcock coverts. Foxhounds and harriers in the neighbourhood. The house is approached by a carriage drive from a lodge entrance.
Apply to G Caunter Esq., Ashburton Febry 1871
Below: A map of Holne Park and Staddicomble Estate
It lies between the road to Ashburton - top of the second page - and the road to Buckfastleigh - across the left hand corner of the second page.
Holne Park House is on the right hand side of the second page, almost half way down
Shop ? meadow
Gt Oak Park
Home Park Orchard
Labour in Vane
Gt Orchard & Garden
Little Oak Park
Kiln Field and Mow plot
South Park Wood (bottom right hand corner, encloses South Plain)
Fir Plantation (adjoins North Park Wood)
Bridge Wood (small area at the very top)
North Park Wood (most of the top area)
Staddicombe now Vetches
Maggott ? Park
Spla....? Orch ?
Western Morning News 7 March 1871 p1 col3
In June 1871 newspapers reported that J A Froude, 'the historian', had taken Holne Park
Western Times 16 June 1871 p7 col2
James Anthony Froude had been baptised at Dartington in 1819 (born in 1818), the son of Rev Robert Hurrell Froude and his wife Margaret.
In the 1871 census, two months before the family arrived in Ashburton, James A Froude, man of letters MA LLD, was living in Kensington with his wife, son, daughter, and seven servants. Henrietta Froude, the wife of James, died in the Kensington registration district in 1874, and James was back in Kensington in 1881
1871 census RG10, piece no 52, folio 41, p20
1881 census RG11, piece no 45, folio 42, p21
In the 1880s renovations were afoot
Left: John Eddy's estimate to paint all shutes and cornice, windows, doors, and in kitchen court and garden, paint and ...?.... frontispiece, and front doors, scrape off old where required, and touch up, and give two coats after. Outside work - £16
Doors, windows and in stable yard 2 coats £1 6s
Right: The estimate of Thos Hext, Mason.
Coulering front of Holne Park House, two coats finding materials and carriage £3 15s
Right : Other people involved in the project were John Horton (?)
Below: And Joseph Watts, whose bill includes travelling to Truro and back
Left: A bill presented by John Eddy to Mr J Wrey*, for work carried out in 1881.
The account, for £11 1s 1d, includes repapering, whitening ceilings, painting and varnishing various doors and skirtings, staining and varnishing the best staircase, painting floors and repairing garden frames.
The bill was paid in two instalments, one in May and one in August 1882.
* Or possibly Mrs J Wrey
Left: And William White, who moved earth with horses and carts
Right: The water works were also overhauled. This is a bill from Henderson and Son, Civil engineers and Surveyors, of 31, Lemon Street, Truro. The account was for levelling and taking measurements for the proposed water supply, designing the works and making detailed drawings, inspecting and testing the mains and services. Some 'Cash out of pocket' expenses included rail travel and staying at a hotel at Exeter.
Below: Some of the materials arrived by train at Ashburton.
Left and below: More work connected to the water works. In 1881 Mr J (?) Edgecombe sent a bill (above) for drawing 2 tons of pipes to Holne Park, together with 14 tons of bricks and 3 tons 10cwt of iron pipes. He also charged 7s for drawing timber to the sawpit - '1 horse'.
Meanwhile Thomas Easterbrook (below) had, amongst other work, paid Lawrence and two other labourers for excavating and assisting the pipe layer.
Left and below: Some of the materials - bricks, pipes, bends and elbows - came from Candy and Co.
Right: Lead came from James and Rosewall, Octagon Street, Plymouth
Left: Some pipes and associated materials came from Scotland. This bill is from William MacCleod and Co., 30, Enoch Square, Glasgow: Metal merchants and founders agents.
In 1888 the Haytor Volunteers held maneouvres at Holne Park, with the permission of the Hon R Dawson. The exercise centred around Hembury Fort. 'The skirmishing among the fine old oaks was very pretty.'
Western Times 13 November 1888 p5 col7
Mr T Gale, gardener to the Hon R Dawson, was one of the judges at the Holne Cottage Garden Show in 1892
Totnes Weekly Times 27 August 1892 p7 col2
The Hon R Dawson died during an operation in London in August 1914. He was Lord of the Manor of Ashburton, and had at one time been the Unionist candidate for the Mid-Devon Division.
Captain Richard Long Dawson, Coldstream Guards, died 3 months later on 20 November 1914. He was the only son of the late Hon R Dawson and Mrs Dawson, Holne Park.
Western Times 14 August 1914 p10 col1
Western Times 27 November 1914 p10 col1
For more on Captain Dawson, see Bob Shemeld's research under Roll of Honour WW1 A-F, under Ashburton in Peril.
Many thanks to Andrew McHardy for the image and the information. He says, 'Forbes is a surname well ensconced in the upper reaches of the Don Valley.'
1921 A fancy fair was held in the grounds of Holne Park with the permission of Mrs Mason. The fair was held to raise funds for the renovation of Holne Church, and about 1000 people visited the grounds. There were various stalls, including a produce stall supervised by Mr Thorne, the gardener at the Park.
Western Morning News 2 June 1921 p3 col3
A bronze memorial to the late Hon Mrs Jane Emily Dawson, of Holne Park, was unveiled at Holne Church in 1934. Born in 1855, she was the widow of the Hon Richard Dawson, who had bought the property in 1886 from Sir Bourchier Palk Wrey. She died in February 1932.
Western Times 9 November 1934 p7 col6
Western Morning News 1 October 1940 p1 col6
Western Times 28 May 1948 p6 col2
Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer 16 July 1955, p2 col2