People and properties 1600s and before
The section on the Domesday entry is now a sub-section of Early history.


                                                         Ashburton Burgh Answers

' A piglet killed a child.........value of the piglet 3d'

 

Crown Pleas of the Devon Eyre of 1238 Henry Summerson Devon and Cornwall Record Society 1985, p118            

                                   Ashburton people in Crown Pleas of the Devon Eyre* of 1238

Geoffrey le Faucher, living in Ashburton tithing, was outlawed with another man for the death of John the marshal.

Ashburton was in mercy.**

                                                                     ********

William Alisande, living in Ashburton, killed William le Mazacrer and fled.

Ashburton was in mercy for not producing him.

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Joel Kide, Walter le Chapman and John Barat sold wine contrary to the assize.***

All were in mercy.

                                                                     

Crown Pleas of the Devon Eyre of 1238 Henry Summerson Devon and Cornwall Record Society 1985, pp113, 118

*An eyre was a periodic inspection by the King or by justices of the King

** To be in mercy was to be liable for a financial penalty, or amercement, to be paid to the King.

*** An assize was a meeting of vassals (free men with obligations to a lord) with the King, and the decrees issued afterwards.

http://www.hemyockcastle.co.uk/feudal.htm  Accessed 12-10-2013

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September 1418 Geoffrey Attewey, a servant born on the Bishop's manor of Ashburton, received his manumission (freedom) on Sept 2nd, signed and sealed by the Dean and Chapter on the 3rd.

William Geffrey, also born on the Bishop's manor of Ashburton, had received his manumission on June 6th.
The Register of Edmund Stafford (1395-1419), Rev F C Hingleston, London 1886, 9 index
ibid 111 index

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 In the early 1900s P F S Amery wrote an article in Devon Notes and Queries about some oak panels from the 1500s, which were in a house belonging to one branch of the Prideaux family in Ashburton. According to Amery the house passed down to the Parham family and then to a Mrs Cruse, finally being sold in 1905 after the death of her husband.These panels had recently been removed from the house, and were now out of the county. It had been thought that the panels originated in St Andrew's Church, and had been taken out at the Reformation, although there was some dispute about this.

The panels were in a small back room in a house in West Street, very close to the parish church. The back buildings and stable were accessible from the left of the church gates; there was also a footpath under an archway that led to the same buildings. The old walled garden formed a boundary to the churchyard on the eastern end of the church.

The wainscoted room was about 14 feet square and about 8 feet high, with a canopy on the western wall.

Oak Carving at Ashburton in Tudor Days, P F S Amery, Devon Notes and Queries, undated, available to read for free from https://archive.org

'Inconsiderable vestiges of a chapel, which belonged to the abbot of Buckfastleigh, are still discernible in the walls of a house occupied by Mr. Parham.'

A Topographical Dictionary of England, Samuel Lewis (ed) 1848, pp 77-81

'W.P.S.' writing in the Exeter Flying Post in 1851, says that it is erroneous to think that the house belonged to the abbot of Buckfastleigh.

Exeter Flying Post 4 September 1851 p6 col5


The 1891 census shows an Edward and Elizabeth Cruse living in West Street. Edward is 70 and living on his own means; Elizabeth is 71.

http://www.freecen.org.uk

Edward Cruse died in June 1905 and was laid to rest in the Parham vault.

Western Times 30 June 1905 p12 col5

In August 1905 Sawdye and Son sold a large amount of antique furniture, paintings and china from Paradise House in West Street, on the instructions of the representatives of the late E Cruse. The panelling is not mentioned.

Western Times 18 August 1905 p2 col1


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Items connected to Wills have now moved to a separate sub-section

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In 1585 Queen Elizabeth restored to the vicars choral* of Exeter Cathedral various lands. These included a close at Stonehill, within the borough of Ashburton.
The History of Exeter, George Oliver, Exeter, 1821,p86ff
*Described in a paper by Peter Hampson as 'choristers and property dealers' https://humanities.exeter.ac.uk/media/universityofexeter/collegeofhumanities/history/exhistoria/volume4/Hampson-Vicars_Choral.pdf - Accessed 06-10-2016

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                                                          Residents in Ashburton 1588

Taken from the Subsidy Rolls and described in a paper read by J S Amery in 1896, these names come from an assessment of people's land and goods,on which they had to pay an amount of money. The paper was published in the Transactions of the Devonshire Association, and is available freely through https://archive.org/. The forenames towards the end of the list are only partially visible in the scanned documents.
Thomas Fforde gen

Peter Brendon gen

Sampson Litheby gen

Gawin Seintclere gen

William Matthews

Joan Elis widow

Thomas Ffursman

Baldwin Guye

William Taylor

Alicia Windyeat

Richard Knolling

John Hannaford

John Ffurse

William Cann

William Byrte

William Ffraunces

Henry Fforde

Thomas Cole

Margery Bowcher

John Langford

Henry Hole

John Taylour

Thomas Elis

Thomasine Comiatt

Pasc Payge

Thomas Lowman

Nicholas Widecombe

John Lucye

Thomas Riche

Ed. Picke

Phelip Caunter

Roger Caunter

John Willmote

John Baron

Alexander Meacombe

William Warren

Ursula Mychell

Thomas Mitchell

Maria Cole widow

Elizabeth Ball

Elizabeth Wreyford

William Stephen

Christopher Meacombe

Thomas Aisheweeke

Ehechiel Castledon

John Tozer gent

Anna Castledon

John Castledon

Nicholas Prynne

Gabriel Harrys

Christopher Preston

John Ffurse of Brownswill

William Pattye

Leonard Myller


Bernard Dolbear

George Kollinge

John Blundell

John Ffurseman

John Caunter

John Dolbear

John Bounde

John Haley

John Hexte

William Shorte

Thomas Ogyer

Alexander Shapter

Roger Bernarde

Michaus Knolling

William Knolling

Lucae Light

William Miller

Thomas Harrys

...eorge Ffabyan

...hristopher Sherwill

...illiam Bridgeman

...hn Dolbear senior

...lter Bond

...nry Crocker

...xander Bilsford

...hard Ffurse

...n Ffrowde

...ry Whitewaie

...liam Luscombe

...mas Bound

...ilda Berrye

...n Cowche

...ry Luscombe

...istian Kelley

...anna Meacombe

...mas Tonye

...well Ffurse

...liam Kollinge

...mas Matthewe

...n Stephen

...hard Noseworthie

...lliam Noseworthie

...n Furse

...tilda Leer widow

...hard Harell

...n Wyndeate

...lliam Knollinge

...omas Denbande

...gory Meacombe

...illiam Werren

...drew Tomlyn

...omas Churchwaie

...hn Ffrinde

Transactions of the Devonshire Association vol. 28 (1896) pp. 247 ff

Viewed through https://archive.org/. Accessed 8-11-2013                       

1590 Gift and bond from Christopher Lange of Ashburton, glover to John Blundell of Ashburton, merchant March 26th, for a close of land, consideration £11.

OCLC (online computer library centre) number 434516091.

1600 Bargain and sale from Christopher Lange  of Ashburton, glover to George Crust of Ashburton June 25th.

OCLC number 430230339

1633 Lease for lives from Sir William Strode of Newnham to William Avoke of Ashburton, yeoman May 2 For close in Asburton, consideration £40

OCLC number 423392555

1637 Lease for lives from Sir George Sondes of Theowley,Kent, to Lady Helen Parkhurst, Robert Parkhurst and George Fabyan of Ashburton, yeoman. A messuage in Ashburton, consideration £80

OCLC Number: 423395615

1639 Bargain and sale from Sir Richard Strode of Newingham to Thomas Cruse of Ashburton, gent for close in Ashburton consideration £37

OCLC Number: 430230286

Whereabouts of the above documents are unknown. Reference accessed through https://www.google.com - 23-02-2015

                                                          Residents in Ashburton 1599
               Rate for the relieffe of the power.

Wardens: John Roger gent and Thomas Arscott.

Overseers of the power: William Stevens, Thomas Oger, Richard Harell, George Ffabian.

Thomas Fford gent

James Woodlye gent

Peter Brendon gent

John Davis gent

Gawen Sainctler gent

Ffrancis Fforde gent

Sampson Lethebye gent

Leonard Miller

John Lucie de Priestaford

Edward Peeke

Georg Wythicombe

Thomas Ashwick

William Mathew de Somerhill

William Knowlinge de Somerhill

William Stevens

William Warryng de Ledburye

Johan Meacombe widow

Gregorie Meacombe

Roger Caunter

Richard Baren

John Robyns

Paschen Paidge

William Patye

Richard Nosworthy

Walter Band

John Wyndeat

Edward Wreyford

John Wilmett

William Nosworthy

Henry Berrye

William Stronge

Vrsula Muchell

Thomas Muchell

John Tozer gent

John Casteldon

Jane Ffurse widow

Henry Ffurse

John Ffurse de Waye

Mawd Berrye widow

Christopher Berrye

John Ffurse de Alston

Alexander Meacombe

Elizabeth Wreyford widow

Chrystofer Meacombe

William Warringe de Caten

Henry Crocker

Mary Cole widow

Julian Baren widow

Henry Whytwaie

William Luscombe

Henry Hole

John Tayler Senr

John Tayler Junr

Katheryne Ffrood widowe

Peternell Ffurse widowe

William Ffurse

Edward Ffurse

Johan Fayrmouth widow

Philip Eales

Georg Reynell

John Cooch

Richard Harell

Mrs Townesend

Thomas Tonye

Thomas Denband

Christian Kelly widow

Christofer Kelly

Ellerye Luscombe widow

William Vinch (Ffinch)

James Preston

Thomas Leeman

Andrewe Browne

Richard Miller

Henry Fford

Thomas Rich

Thomas Hale


John Hext

Adam Jaxon

Henry Heithfield

Ralfe Bullocke

Richard Grym

Henry Luscombe

Robert Typpett

Bauden Gaye

Nicholas Cater

Christofer Ffrinch

Thomas Adiscote

John Ffursman

John Bound

Nicholas Knowlinge

John Dolber Jnr

William Brigeman

Christofer Lange

Roger Denband

Henry Denband

Thomas Gotham

Philip Caunter widow

Christofer Shirwill

Philip Bicham

Edward Balle

Davy Reene

Richard Knowling

Christofer Preston

Barnibe Hals

John Halye

William Byrt

Bernard Dolbear

Thomas Hanaford

Alexander Shapter

Christofer Whitewaye

Robert Bound

Nicholas Pryne

Ezechiell Casteldon

William Caun

Henrye Dolber

John Ffrend Senr

John Ffrend Jnr

Thomas Ffursman

William Ffursman

Mathew Adam

Nicholas Ffursman

Georg Knowling

William Knowling pewterer

John Pryme

John Hale

Thomas Oger

William Tolchard

William Miller

John Langworthye

William Shorte

George Cruse

William Tailer

Richard Christofer

Lawrence Ffrinde

Bartholomew Aishridge

Georg Ffabian

William Mathew Snr

John Dolbear Snr

Thomas Harris

John Blundle

John Tucker

Gregorye Collings

Lawrence Abraham

John Quinte

Christofer Caunter

John Caunter

Thomas Leere

Thomas Eales

John Tooker cutler

Bartholomew Ashwick

John Wreyford

John Woolcote

 

Transactions of the Devonshire Association vol. 28 (1896)pp. 253 ff

Viewed through https://archive.org/. Accessed 15-11-2013

                                                                      

'The XXII day of January 1612 These persons followinge for absentyne themselves from the Church on that Sabbath daye all the tyme of divine service have payd each of them XIId a piece as followeth toward the Reliefe of the Poore
John Ball   William Ffurse   Henry Paddon   John Hall'

Edward Windeatt, Early Nonconformity in Ashburton, Transactions of the Devonshire Association vol. 28,1896, p229

                                 Leases of Tenements mentioned in the Exeter Cathedral archive

1636 Mr Townsend granted new lease of tenement at Chewly in Ashburton (also spelt Chevely and Chuleigh)

D&C3557 P13
1660 Jo. Short purchased a tenement formerly in the possession of Richard Knowlies
D&C3559 P1A
1661 Richard Knowling granted lease of a tenement, provided he pay back rent of £7 to Widow Short
D&C3559 PP115-117
1663 Confirmation of lease by George Prowse, vicar of Ashburton, to Thomas Kelly
D&C3559 PP386-387
1668 Richard Knowling granted lease of tenement
D&C3560 P43
1675 Richard Knowling granted new lease of tenement
D&C3560 PP326-327
1689 Confirmation of lease to Richard Knowling D&C3562 PP158-159
1696 Confirmation of grant by John Bastard, vicar of Ashburton, to Richard Knowling of messuage and tenements D&C3563 P30

1696 Richard Knowling granted lease of tenement D&C356328-29

http://www.exeter-cathedral.org.uk/learning/library-and-archives1/library-and-archives.ashx - Accessed 17-2-2016