People and Properties 1800s

The following are in the Devon Heritage Centre (formerly the Devon Record Office), filed under Chudleigh Parish ref 3009A-99

For more information go to


William Harding  1811
Now in Chudleigh, born in Sampford Courtenay........ he went to Ashburton to William Skinner by the year for 2 terms...


Removals to Ashburton:

Jane Jewell, singlewoman   1814

 William Winsor  1807

Now in Chudleigh, born in Modbury ........ went to Mr Thomas Brown in Ashburton as a waiter married in Chudleigh


John Macey, horsekeeper  1823
Now in Chudleigh, born in Buckfastleigh.........went to Ashburton and served Edward Bovey, esq for a year,  then went to Thomas Cousins at the Golden Lion by the week........... he married in Chudleigh


John Lear, shoemaker  1829
Born in Chudleigh, ......... went to Ashburton and lived in lodgings and worked for different masters for 7 ½ years when he got married in Ashburton......

See the Rich and Poor section for more settlement examinations


    Ashburton's reaction to the Peterloo massacre.

On the 16th August 1819 the local Yeomanry, backed by Hussars, charged at a peaceful crowd who had gathered in what is now St. Peter's Square, Manchester. Their task was to arrest the speakers, who were protesting against poverty and advocating democracy, but the violent over-reaction of the troops resulted in 18 deaths and over 700 people being seriously injured. It became known as the Peterloo Massacre.
Richard Carlile, who was born in Ashburton, was scheduled to speak at the gathering. He escaped and later published his eye-witness account, together with the print above.
Image by Richard Carlile (1790–1843) (Manchester Library Services) Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
See Famous Ashburtonians for more on Richard Carlile.

Andrew G C Tucker, a lawyer from Ashburton, gave his opinion on what had happened. He said that the meeting was legally convened, for legal purposes, and that a warrant against Hunt (Henry Hunt, a radical speaker) was 'unduly obtained and unjustifiably executed'. That an armed soldier should execute this warrant was, according to Mr Tucker, illegal, and that 'if the assault by the military was unprovoked, it was contrary to law'. He added that any attempt to suppress peaceable meetings was 'a breach of the fundamental privileges of Englishmen'. It was 'treason against the Constitution'.
Staffordshire Advertiser 2 October 1819, p3 col1

In December of that year Ashburton residents sent a message to the Prince Regent assuring him of their loyalty to the crown, but not declaring an opinion on the incident until a 'full and fair investigation' had been made.
The residents were as follows:
Robert Abraham, solicitor
Robert Abraham jun, solicitor
Chas. Dyke Acland, lieut. RN
Charles Aldrich, clerk
George Bale, exciseman
Richard Berry, merchant
James Bidgood, stocking-weaver
Edward Bovey, gentleman
Thomas Brown, gentleman
John Bryant, currier
C B Calmady Esq.
John Caunter, merchant
John Caunter jun, merchant

Richard Caunter, merchant
James Chalker, machine-maker
Thomas Cousins, innkeeper
William Cuming, captain RN
George Drake, magistrate for the county
John Eales, mercer
James Easterbrook jun, yeoman
Joseph Fitze, sadler
Thomas Foaden, innkeeper
George Gervis, gentleman
Henry Gervis, surgeon
Henry Gervis jun, surgeon
Joseph Gribble, solicitor
John Hannaford, stationer
William Hern, tanner
James Hext, gentleman
William Hill, captain RN
Richard Honywill, merchant
William Hurst, sergemaker
Edward Husson, innkeeper
William Kitson jun, gentleman
James Langdon, gentleman
William Lloyd, lieut. RN
Benjamin Luscombe, builder
Jonathan Luscombe, innkeeper
John Vere Mann, tanner
John Matterface, gentleman
Jeffery Michelmore, gentleman
Jeff_ry Michelmore jun, gentleman
James Mogridge, Portreeve
W Palk Mogridge, solicitor
Sampson Nankivell, surveyor
Thomas Norrish, baker
Jonathan Palk, clerk
Robt. Palk, magistrate for the county
Christopher Preston, innkeeper
Thomas Smerdon, cordwainer
Thomas Smerdon jun, cordwainer
Walter Soper Esq.
Peter F Sparke, merchant
John Templer jun, clerk
William Terry, gentleman
Solomon Tozer, merchant
Solomon Tozer jun, merchant
John White, clerk
John Winsor Esq.
Joseph Widger, mercer
George Wills, gentleman

James Woodley Esq.
Peter Wotton, cordwainer
Philip Wootton, builder

Exeter Flying Post 2 December 1819 p1 cols 4,5


In 1827 various 'valuable property' was for sale at the Golden Lion.
They were: Bowden Hill Field, tenant Mr Stentiford
Little Field, Great Close, Long Close, Outerfield, Vicarage Bench, Late Ealesfield, otherwise Atwills, tenant Mr Easterbrook
Square Park, tenant Mr Sanders
Sladers Park, tenant Mr Pearce
Long Hill, tenant Mr Ford
Screeches Field, tenant Mr Mardon
Little Headborough, tenant Mr King
Cabbage Close, tenant Mr Foaden
French's Park, tenant Mr Smerdon
Higher Roborough and Lower Roborough, tenant Mr Lukey
Nursery, Reeves Meadow, George's Meadow, Balland Park, Leanyhill Field and Alston Lane Close, tenant the proprietor
Close in Alston Lane, tenant Mrs King
Another Close in Alston Lane, tenant Mr Leaman
Dwelling house and offices in East Street, tenant Mrs Searle
Reversion of a moiety of a house, stables and gardens in Lawrence's Lane, tenant Mr Luscombe

In addition there was leasehold property for sale;
Rew Fulling Mills and Rew Causeway, tenant or occupier Messrs. Caunter
Alstone Meadow and Hurstsclose, t or o the proprietor
Lang's Close, t or o Mr Stentiford
Tea Close, lately Mr Bearns (sp?)
Rack Park, t or o Mr Leaman
Lucey's Meadow, t or o Mr Lukey
Parish Land Field, lately Mr Bear
Tweenaways, t or o Mr Smerdon
New Park, t or o Mr Skinner
Buthills, t or o Mr Sanders
Leanyhill Field, lately Mr Bearns

Exeter and Plymouth Gazette, 6 January 1827, p1 cols 3/4

In 1828 five cottages had just been built at Crokaton, and were for sale by auction. They had gardens in front and an orchard at the end, and were currently occupied by Mr Philp, Mr Ellis, Mr Popplestone, Mr Standbury, Mr Woodley and others. With the property came an entitlement to vote for the Ashburton members of parliament.
Exeter and Plymouth Gazette 23 February 1828, p1 col3

A tenement called Reeves in North Street was up for sale in 1831. A house occupied by Mr Tuckerman was part of the sale, as was a public bakehouse in Reeves Court, behind the house, occupied by Joseph Berry. Two tenements adjoining the bakehouse were included - they were occupied by William Foale - as was a house, garden, stable and orchard on Back Lane behind the tenement. George Mortimore and others occupied these premises. Purchase of the whole came with two votes for members of the borough.
The auction was to held at the Duke's Inn; the solicitors were Abraham and Kitson, Ashburton or Torquay.
Exeter and Plymouth Gazette, 2 July 1831 p1 col3


                                                                    The Rew Estate


As a result of the bankruptcy of John Berry and Richard Bennett Berry, their mill was sold (see 'The Mills' sub-menu in the Banks and Businesses section), and then in 1829 the messuage and tenement, farm and lands known as Rew or Rew Down Estate were up for auction. Also a field called New Park, formerly belonging to Mr Widger

London Gazette Issue 18632 27 November 1829, p14


Above: Release of the Rew Estate, dated 13th April 1830. The Assignees of John Berry and Richard Bennett Berry, bankrupts, to Messrs Brooke Webb and Co.

From my own collection

Right: Map of the Rew Estate. The road 'From Ashburton' (bottom quarter of the map) goes to 'Belford Factory' At the crossroads the road goes left up to present day Druid

From my own collection

                                                                        PCC wills

Until 1858, wills were proved in various church courts - where exactly depended on both the location of the properties and goods, where the person died and the value of the estate.

The highest court for the south of England was the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury - hence PCC wills

Copies of PCC wills are kept at the National Archives - You can find full references on the website, and order copies online. Alternatively you can visit the archives and view the wills for free

                                                       Ashburton PCC wills 1800- 1858

Eleanor Soper, spinster, May 1800

Richard Eales, June 1801

James Spark, butcher, October 1801

Walter Palk, April 1802

John Eales, gentleman, October 1802

Ann Croad, widow, April 1804

Rebecca Tripe, November 1805

George Winsor, January 1806

William Fabyan, gentleman, November 1807

Thomas Searle, soap boiler, October 1809

Mary Smerdon, spinster, June 1811

George Maye otherwise, May, taylor, February 1812

William Sunter, gentleman, November 1813

Sally Adams, spinster, May 1814

Ann Laskey, widow, September 1814

Frances Winsor, widow, March 1815

Peter Fabyan, gentleman, August 1815

Joan Dolbeare, widow, July 1816

Susanna Wills, widow, May 1817

Susanna Winsor, spinster, August 1817

Mary Dunning, spinster, February 1818

Emblyn Kendall, spinster, February 1818

Solomon Tozer, gentleman, August 1819

William Bickford, gentleman, October 1819

James Langdon, gentleman, June 1821

Roger Maunder, cordwainer, November 1822

The Right Honorable Richard Barre Dunning Baron Ashburton May 1823

Joseph Sunter, July 1823

Molly otherwise Mary Palk, spinster, October 1823

Mary Caunter, widow, April 1824

John Higgins, leather factor, May 1824

Richard Soper, January 1825

Jonathan Griffin, gentleman, May 1838

William Bowden, victualler, January 1839

Mary Knowling, spinster, February 1839

Joanna Adams, widow, July 1840

Henry Gervis, April 1842

Susanna Young Winsor, spinster, June 184

Sarah Grigg, widow, December 1843

James Hainworth, gentleman, May 1844

Peter Fabyan Sparke, gentleman, May 1844

Solomon Tozer, maltster, May 1844

Sarah Stoodly, spinster, July 1844

John Phillips, May 1845

Stephen Upton Yolland, gentleman, November 1845

George Casely, tailor, October 1846

Richard Perry, yeoman, February 1847

Robert Abraham, solicitor, April 1847

Rebecca Bawden, spinster, April 1847

William Ferris Honywill, schoolmaster, July 1850

Elizabeth Young, widow, September 1851

Phillippa Eales, spinster, December 1851

Jeffery Michelmore, gentleman, March 1852

Harriet Knowles, spinster, April 1852 

Joseph Gribble, gentleman, April 1853

Jasper Addems Amery, gentleman, May 1853

Sarah Douglas Edwards, widow, May 1854

William Eales, clerk, January 1855

Susanna Hannaford, widow, March 1855

Thomas Cousins, gentleman, June 1855

Elizabeth Furneaux, spinster, September 1856

Susanna Southcott Winsor, wife, October 1856



Left: Map of Ashburton, not to scale, circa 1899

Chuley Road is sometimes called Parish Road

Station Road is now St Lawrence Lane

Heavyhead Lane is now Woodland Road

Back Lane (or Cad Lane) is now Stapledon Lane

  º The Bullring


                                                             1850s - A letter from home

In 1856 Sarah Honeywill sent a letter to her son William. She had written to him in March, on 'fare day', and now it was June and she hadn't heard anything from him. She is concerned, she says, that he may be unwell or has met with some misfortune – or perhaps has got married and finds 'it difficult to find time to write to your mother...'

Apparently William does at least write more than Charles – Sarah thinks he may be sorry for it in the end. Charles is probably another son – in August 1821 Charles John Honywill was baptised, the son of William Ferris Honywill and Sarah. The same parents baptised a son William Henry Honywill in May 1819.

William Ferris Honywill married Sarah Scagell in Ashburton in 1818.

Some names mentioned in the letter:

Peter had been in a bad state of health having fallen from a horse two years previously, and had died, a Mrs Eliot witnessing his last moments.

Ann Buchers of Holne had also died, a sister to Jo Bowden's wife.

Charles Baker, a carpenter had died, as had John Saunders, 'haredresser.' (Both of these are probably those deaths registered in the June quarter of 1856, Newton Abbot district). One of these was 'Susan's unkle' but it is not clear which.

Baker died without making a will, so 'the old woman only comes in for her thirds John Ireland has sold all his property.'

She asks William if he has seen John Honeywill's second son, as his brother sent for him.

'Harrises' family all went to America, as did nurse Eals.

Aunt Coombes is mentioned.

'Yong wood' has been down from London and will stay if there is work. He has done up his mother's house.

Sarah Bowden the tailor's daughter got married and has got one child.

Smerdon the currior has come home after seventeen years. This might be John Smerdon, carrier. He is on the 1861 census for Ashburton, aged 62 and living with his wife Mary.

'Mrs Legs Nises husband' is 'very poor'. Presumably this is Mrs Leg's (or Legg's) niece's husband. 

Finally she asks whether there is likely to be 'ware' (war) in America, as reports say. This suggests that William is in America.

From a letter sold privately – not in my possession.


'So we set out in the hard grey morning, leaving Ashburton by another outlet, a street sufficiently sordid, where the little river Yeo purls alongside the causeway, and disappears from the eyes of passengers to wash the back doors of the old quaint houses, and where the dingy women are ever going up and down steps with pitchers and kettles. We get beyond houses and bridge, and pass as usual between walls bristling with feathery ferns, evidently the invariable in the outskirts of this little town.'
The Intellectual Observer, vol 3, London, 1863, p323

Rendell and Symons were about to sell freehold lands and houses, 'manor and chief rents' in July 1875. The advertisement gave the tithe map reference for each one:

Lot 1
682 - Whiteway's Field
683 - Hill Field
765 - Meadow
766 - Great Goosepool
794 - Little Goosepool
799 - Green Park
801 - Orchard
802 - Little Field
803 - Little Field
804 - Higher Headborough house and garden etc.

Lot 2
526 - Higher Field
544 - Middle Field
640 - Great Holne Field

Lot 3
807 - Mead
808 - House and Orchard
809 - 2 cottages and yard occupied by W H Eales and Samuel Raymond

Lot 4
903 - Late Sparkes
905 - part rentings

Lot 5
684 - Plot
686 - Workman's Field

Lot 6
944 - Little Sparnham

Lot 7
912 - Goosepool

Lot 8
1695 - Derrick's Mead

Lot 9
1657 - Foster's Park

Lot 10
917 - Part Perrings

Lot 11
781 - Lanes Sherwood
787 - Lanes Sherwood

Lot 12
1532 and 1533 - Dwelling house and garden in East Street, occupied by Mrs Chalker.

Lot 13
1357 - Three dwelling houses and garden in East Street, close to Derrick's Lane, occupied by Mssrs Richards, Caunter and Dodridge.

Lot 14
1346 - Dwelling house and coach house with garden at rear, East Street. Occupied by Mr Yeldham.

Lot 15
1231 - Dwelling house in West Street, occupied by Elisha Smerdon.

Lot 16
The manor rents

Lot 17
The borough rents

Western Morning News 7 July 1875 p1 col2
Exeter Flying Post 7 July 1875 p1 col3
The tithe map for Ashburton is available from


                                                                 The Knoll/Knowle

In June 1867 Mabel Gwendoline Hughes was baptised at St Andrew's Church. Her parents were James Victor Hughes, a Major General in the army, and his wife Elizabeth Maude. The family lived at the Knoll.
Parish records
A copy of Mabel's baptism is listed in the British India Office births and baptisms, which suggests that James Victor's army career had Indian connections

Mr E Sawdye was selling furniture at the Knoll in March 1871, and a month later the house was up for let at £60. Set in an acre and 'lately occupied by General Hughes', the house had breakfast, dining and drawing rooms, a kitchen with pantry, scullery and larder, and 8 bedrooms. There was also a coach-house, stables and other outbuildings.
Western Times 17 March 1871, p8 col1

Western Times 6 April 1871, p1 col1   

F Crowdy was living at the Knoll in 1872 - in June his wife gave birth to a daughter in Torquay.
A year later the house was being let again.
Western Times 14 June 1872, p5 col5
Western Morning News 9 August 1873, p1 col6

In 1876 a 'Fancy sale' was being held to pay off the debt of Widecombe Church. The sale was being held at the Knoll, by permission of J Robinson Esq. An omnibus from the town would take visitors to the Knoll from the town or the railway station for 6d, and it would cost 1s to get into the sale. Tea and coffee would be available from 4 o'clock, and there were to be games on the lawn.
Western Morning News 15 June 1876, p1 col7

By 1880 Mrs H M Firth was advertising for a housemaid and parlourmaid at the Knoll, to work for a small family.
Western Morning News 6 July 1880, p2 col1

Henry Mallaby Firth and family are at the Knoll in the 1891 census, although they are already calling it Knowle.
Advertisement for staff, Western Morning News 10 February 1887, p2 col2

A letter addressed to H M Firth in 1894 calls the house Knowle.
See Attorneys, under Banks and Businesses, for more information.


Above: Knowle
From my own collection

Knowle was up for auction in September 1931
Western Morning News 19 September 1931, p4 col4


Some residents ('Head of house') of West Street in the 1891 census. It begins with The Vicarage and comes down the street on what is now the odd-numbered houses, ie the south side of the street


(full details of all occupants can be found at

Wickham M Birch, Vicar - The Vicarage (now St Andrew's House)

George Hodge - Girls' High School (although given as the address, I  believe this may actually be the address of where George Hodge works, not lives. I believe the Girls' High School is actually in East St)

William J Friendship

Philip Lee, Grocer

Jane Pethybridge

William Angel

Frederick H Rogers

John Bickford, Bank Manager

Edward Cruse

Edward Sawdye, Surveyor and Land Agent

Emily Foaden - London Hotel = No. 11 West St

William B Ward, Draper

William Osmond

Daniel O Evans, Dentist, chemist and druggist

Sarah M Satterly, Grocer

Elizabeth J Addems

Joseph R Cuddeford

John I Lamason, Brushmaker = No.1 West St


Edward Matthews, Publican licensed victualler - Duke's Head. West St in 1891 census, now = No. 2 East St, Lloyds' Bank.

Residents of West Street in the 1891 census in what is now even numbered houses, ie the north side of the street.

There is a group of properties that begins this list that come before Bowden Hill - I assume that these are also on the north side of the street, at the very top, coming down


Henry Horton

Francis Salter

Mary A Hicks

Ann Eggbeer

Henry G Mugridge

Then come Bowden Hill properties:

John Full

Ann Elliott

William Brooks

William Sargent

George Furneaux

William McDowell

Richard Hannaford

Joseph Battershill

Back to West Street:

Susan French

John Hannaford

Samuel White

Francis Robertson

Kezia Sampson

Mary A Daw

James Richards

Henry Popham

Susanna Barnes

Mary Parnell

Joseph F Baker

Richard Eggbeer

John H Foaden

John Eggbeer

Samuel Casley

Walter Gervis, M D and general practitioner (no street given)

William Maunder

William Williams

Mary Hyde

Mary A Bowden (no street given)

Annie Haddon (no street given)

Henry Williams (no street given)

Mary Widiery

James Denney - Exeter Inn

William H Battershill, Confectioner shop

Edwin Tucker, Seed merchant


Susan Pearce

William Long

Harriet Bowden

William Endacott

Ann Halls

Philippa Elliott

Joseph Barnett

Amelia Foot

Fanny Mugridge

William Pengilly, Greengrocer

Mary W Conneybear

William Osborne, Jewellers shop

Section of properties in Kingsbridge Lane, then:

John Eales, Saddler

John Down, Grocer and provision dealer

Henry Foot

John Webber - Rose and Crown

Above: Stone bridge over the River Ashburn, sometimes called the Yeo, at the top of North Street.

Above right: Great Bridge.

My thanks to the Peggy Wakeham and Robert Wakeham for the above drawings.


Some residents ('Head of house') of North Street in the 1891 census. It begins at the top of North St. and comes down the street on what is now the odd-numbered houses, ie the west side of the stree

I have included occupations where it seems likely (to me) that the occupants were operating businesses from the premises.

(full details of all occupants can be found at


Beginning at Great Bridge (end of North St):

Susan Shevis (address not given) 

William Mugridge, Crocaton

Thomas A Brooks, Crocaton, North St

William Found, Crocaton, North St

George Pomeroy, Crocaton, North St

Susan Luscombe

Mary J Bearne

John Thorn

Ann Johns

Louise McDowell

Harriet Skinner, Innkeeper, Victoria Inn  = No 77

Mary A Peacock (address not given)

Thomas Lawrie

Edward E Foot (address not given)

Mary Hext, Furniture broker

William Langworthy

Elizabeth Southcombe

Elizabeth J Shillbeer

Richard Warren

George J Badcock

William Kingwill

Ann Thorne (address not given)

Ann M Headon (address not given)

Louisa J Knott

Emma Vickry (address not given)

Mary Clarke

James Catar (address not given)

Susan Warren

Mary A Beal

Chevelir Ryall

George Shillabeer

Mary A K Crute

George Leaman

William Pengilly

George East

George Andrews, Shoemaker

William Daw, Miller and baker

Thomas Gilbert

Elizabeth Hannaford

Mary A Gilbert

George Howis

The following are at Cherry Chase:

Elizabeth A Bartlett

George Rowland

William Syms

Back to North St:

Edward J Culling

Thomas G Routly

Samuel Rosewarne

John Satterly

Albert W Knowling

Agnes Taylor

Mary E Adams

Earnest O Taylor (address not given)

William Winsor (address not given)

Alfred E Preston (address not given)

Frederick Beavis, Grocer

George French, Blacksmith

Abraham Peachey, Baker

Joseph Winsor, Innkeeper, Culloden Inn

William J Ellery

Ann Hayman

Amos Bickley

Emily Langdon

Charles Sargent

Frank Crannaford

William Jackman, Innkeeper

Ann Chalk

Elizabeth Tompkins

Henry Dobell, Cooper

at The Arch, North St:

Thomas Squires

Harriet A Bennett (no address given)

Mary A Trathan

Elizabeth J Steer

Sarah Kingdim

John Whiddon

Daniel B Eggbeer

Eliza Morris

Alfred Baker

Elizabeth J Skewis

Elizabeth Woodley

Ann Leaman

Eilza A German

Returning to North St:

James Edwards, Hotel keeper

Charlotte Smerdon, Farmer and butcher

William Horwell, Butcher

Frederick White, Glass and china dealer

William Andrew, Licenced Victualler, Commercial Inn  = No 7

Angelina Westaway (address not given)

Elizabeth Wood, Innkeeper, Sun Inn. The next property is one elevation of the Rose and Crown Inn, listed under West St


Some residents ('Head of house') of North Street in the 1891 census. It begins the furthest away from the Bullring and then comes down the street on what is now the even-numbered houses, ie the east side of the street.

I have included occupations where it seems likely (to me) that the occupants were operating businesses from the premises. 

(full details of all occupants can be found at

Richard B Luscombe

Thomas Trevathan

Mary A Richards

Elizabeth Caunter

Elizabeth Sheppherd

Lydia Warren

James Bowden

John Waye

Unoccupied, wood stores

Henry Gill

John A Bickford

Clara M James

John Trebble

Mary Richards

John Walker

Harriet Shillaber


Aaron Grute

John Warren

James H Wills, Innkeeper, The Bay Horse  = No 64

Mary G Pengilley

John Waldron

John Galliver

Nicholas French

William Coaker

Robert German

Mary Williams

Ellen Mortimore

William H Endacott

Eliza Payne

Eliza Walling

Joseph S Birch

John Whiddon

William Thorne, Shoemaker

Lucy Thorne

Henry Smith, Hairdreser

Silias Chalk

Harry V Foot, Tailor, grocer and newspaper reporter

William Eggbeer

Thomas Hannaford, Baker and confectioner

James Walker, Tudor Buildings*

Ann Thorne, Tudor Buildings*

Ann May, Tudor Buildings*

John Westaway, Tudor Buildings*

Elizabeth A Shillabeer, Tudor Buildings*

Francis Warren, Tudor Buildings*

Elizabeth Ham, Tudor Buildings*

Henry Veale, Tudor House, Grocer

William H Hutchings

Thomas HIll, Tailor and outfitter

Sarah Whiddon

William H Mann

 Agnes W Huxham, Baker and  Grocer

William Disten, Ironmonger and plumber

Elizabeth J Hext

 Samuel Wicks, Shoemaker

 Adrain Hays, Jeweller

George Langler, Saddle and harness maker

 Philip F Whiteway, Licensed Victular, The Town Arms = No 20

James Clymo, Draper

Elizabeth A Ware, Foales Court

John Hines, Foales Court

Elizabeth A Ford, Foales Court

William Bishop, Foales Court

Gospel Room, unoccupied

Gospel Hall and Gospel Room, unoccupied

Henry Pengilly, Foales Court

William H Huddy, Foales Court, Grocer

William Matthews, North St, Builder

Horace Boon, Plumber and painter

George Pitts, Butcher

Alfred M Harvey, Draper

Robert Foot

Osmond Lamason, Newsagent



Above: North St from the Bullring.

From my own collection

The Western Times reported in 1890 that old buildings in North Street -Tudor Buildings - had been demolished and and new buildings put up in their place.
Western Times 1 April 1890 p2 col6

Left: The Hall - see 1911 census below

Some residents ('Head of house') of East Street in the 1891 census. It begins the furthest away from the Bullring and then comes down the street on what is now the odd-numbered houses, ie the north side of the street.

I have included occupations where it seems likely (to me) that the occupants were operating businesses from the premises.

(full details of all occupants can be found at

Robert Tucker, Solicitor, Eastern Road, The Hall

Richard Ackerley, General Medical Practitioner, Alexandra House

Susan L Cockey

Marion Mortimer

Robert G Abraham

John Parnell Tucker, Maltster and seed merchant, Coley House

William H Hext

Jane F Caunter

Nicholas Pascoe

George W Morey

Richard Preston

Then Roborough Lane

Richard Edgecombe, Tailor and outfitter

Thomas Willcocks

George Eales, Glass House

Elizabeth Langworthy, Glass House

Mary Matthews, Glass House

Valentine Eales, Glass House

Sarah Knapman, Glass House

Elizabeth Browning, Glass House

Sarah Hawken, Glass House

William H Pope

Charles Hawken

Jemima Steer

Elizabeth V Knapman, Baker and confectioner

George Furneaux


John P Foot, Bootmaker

Charlotte Holditch

William Bawden

John Hayman

John Hole

Elizabeth Ford


William G White

John H Campion


Charlotte King

Joseph Lowrey

John Knight

Sarah J Hamlyn

William Joint

Mary Tucker 

George Shillabeer, Shoemaker

John M Baker, Blacksmith

John Wonnacott

Richard Merryfield

Henry Tall

James Yolland

William J Smith

Robert Ellis, Grocer

Alfred J Ellis, Boot and shoemaker


James Trevron 

Then comes Cad Lane, now Stapledon Lane

Back to East St

John Bowden, Tailor

Daniel Popplestone

George Beck, Chemist

Thomas T Clarke, Baker and C

Thomas P Bastow

John Gerry, Royal Oak

Family away visiting

Henry Giles, Bootmaker 


Some residents ('Head of house') of East Street in the 1891 census. It begins the furthest away from the Bullring and then comes down the street on what is now the even-numbered houses, ie the south side of the street.

I have included occupations where it seems likely (to me) that the occupants were operating businesses from the premises.

(full details of all occupants can be found at  

William Daw

Samuel Smerdon, Cousins Court

Emma Pearce, Cousins Court

George Brock, Cousins Court

Mary Ann Warren, Cousins Court

Francis Keat, Cousins Court

Hannah Shadgell, Cousins Court

unoccupied, Cousins Court

Mary Webber

Andrew C Moorman, Congregational Minister

Mary Ann Yates

Robert H Eggbeer

Samuel Easterbrook

Ann Kingwill (from deeds = 74 East St. I have seen Alan Lambourne's transcription of these deeds: thanks to him and also to Rachel and Rob Manners)

Thomas Maunder, Butcher and farmer

James G Chalker

Susan Berry

Elizabeth Honywill

John W Lay

Edward J Sawdye, Auctioneer and hotel keeper, The Golden Lion

John Jackman, Golden Lion Tap

Frederick Loveys, Publican and licensed victualler, Red Lion

William J Willis, Hannafords Court

Eliza Smerdon, Hannafords Court

Jane Whale, Hannafords Court

Bertha Potter, Hannafords Court

Maria Foot, Hannafords Court

Fanny Irish, Hannafords Court

Elizabeth Baker, Hannafords Court

Elizabeth Andrews, Hannafords Court

Grace Gimlet

Mark Nicks

Samuel Hannaford

Elizabeth Pope

Frances Johnston

Henry Tozer

John Wills

Charles R Halse, Butcher

Charles J Jeffery, Manager, Devon and Cornwall Bank 

Richard Eales

Emma Luscombe

Thomas W Mann

Joseph Batten

Mary Smerdon, Butcher

Richard J Soper

Margaret Soper

Susan H Beck

Stephen Yolland, Butcher

Charles Yolland

James Skinner

Thomas Nicholls

Joseph Blampey

Sarah Matterface, Butcher

Thomas P Haughins

Lavington B Varder, Stationer and Printer

Charles Skinner, Draper

Samuel H Chalk, Shoemaker

Edwin W Johns, Town letter carrier and grocer

Margaret Hamlyn

Jessie Mann

Then comes Heavyhead Lane, now Woodland Road. But it seems likely to me that the properties above come down to the Bullring - in the 20th century Henry Bradford had a printing works with huge machines at 12 East St: I would think that Lavington B Varder was also at those premises.


 Some residents ('Head of house') of St Lawrence Lane in the 1891 census. It  comes down the street on what is now the odd-numbered houses, ie the east side of the street

(full details of all occupants can be found at 


William Knapman, Publican and baker, Golden Fleece (this was next door to the Grammar School, to the left as you looked at the buildings, see The Pubs and Inns of Ashburton Pete Webb 1995 Obelisk Publications )

Samuel H Jewell, Smith and farrier

Thomas Irish

John Endacott

Frederick Howis

Ann Harvey


Sarah Ball, Grocer

William Caunter

Thomas Easterbrook


Some residents ('Head of house') of St Lawrence Lane in the 1891 census. It comes down the street on what is now the even-numbered houses, ie the west side of the street, and starts immediately after Hazeldene, Chuley Road 

(full details of all occupants can be found at


William Steer, Omnibus proprietor

missing schedule

John B Brander

Frank W Chapman

Frederick Horner, Station View

John Chiswell

unoccupied Bay Tree House

James Potter

James Pugsley


George Thorne, Hotel keeper, Railway Hotel, later the Silent Whistle

William Lear

Charlotte Taylor, Lodging house keeper

Thomas Pascoe, Ashburton Instit

Richard Hext, Yolland Hill Farm

Mary Ireland

Mary A Elliott

John F Eales

Annie E C Foot

William H Woolacott

Francis Oliver

Elizabeth H Bennett

Annie Mills

George Perkins

James Stancombe, Refreshment house keeper

John Eddy

W H Edgecombe, Postmaster,  Post O

Amos Putt, Constitutional C

John Burston, Watchmaker and Jeweller



                                            Extracts from the deeds of No. 15 Woodland Road

See extracts of later dates in the 1900s section - it is possible that the first Inland Revenue application is also from a later date, particularly as some properties are numbered.

Inland Revenue. Application for a certificate under section II of the Finance Act 1894

Freehold shop and dwelling house No 17 East St.

Tenant - Cookson.


Cottage adjoining situate in Back Lane.

Tenant - Bartlett


Cottage in Back Lane

Tenant - Morrish

Store and loft over - store let to Gayton, and loft in hand


Stable let to Cornish


Large walled garden behind let to Morrish


Walled garden situate in Back Lane, aforesaid in hand


Store let to Cowley


Freehold cottage No 18 Back Lane

Tenant - Harding


Freehold cottage No 20 Back Lane

Tenant - Baker


Freehold cottage No 22 Back Lane

Tenant - Harvey


Freehold cottage situate in Woodland Road

Tenant - Margie


Bungalow cottage

Tenant - F Cook


Freehold cottage, Woodland Road

Tenant - J Shillabeer


10th June 1892. By his will of this date the said Alfred Merchant Harvey gave, devised and bequeathed all his real and personal estate of every description to his wife Lydia Harvey.


23rd December 1897 In consideration of £400.... Thomas Samuel Hitchins Truran.... conveyed unto Alfred Merchant Harvey: all those two messuages or dwelling-houses with the gardens, orchard, large workshop and premises in the rear thereof situate in Heavyhead Lane....formerly in the occupation of Albert Butland and John Campion but then of (blank)

All that one messuage tenement or dwelling house with an equal one half part of the garden and orchard behind situate in Heavyhead Lane....formerly in the occupation of Thomas Whitebeare his tenant or tenants afterwards of George Morris as tenant thereof. And also all that one messuage tenement or dwelling house with the other half part of the said garden and orchard behind situate also in Heavyhead Lane....formerly in the possession of Charity Moore and afterwards of Robert Sims as tenant thereof......and to the use of the said Alfred Merchant Harvey.

Transcript from my own collection